27 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2011
Date Written: April 2011
For over a century, social scientists have debated how educational attainment impacts religious belief. In this paper, I use Canadian compulsory schooling laws to identify the relationship between completed schooling and later religiosity. I find that higher levels of education lead to lower levels of religious participation later in life. An additional year of education leads to a 4-percentage-point decline in the likelihood that an individual identifies with any religious tradition; the estimates suggest that increases in schooling can explain most of the large rise in non-affiliation in Canada in recent decades.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Hungerman, Daniel M., The Effect of Education on Religion: Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws (April 2011). NBER Working Paper No. w16973. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1820085