The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean

52 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2011

See all articles by Suzanne Duryea

Suzanne Duryea

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Claudia C. Piras

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Date Written: April 2007

Abstract

This paper analyzes the evolution of gender differences in school attendance and attainment in Latin America and the Caribbean, for both adults who left the educational system and children in school. For individuals 21 years old and above the paper uses a cohort analysis of school attainment. The results indicate that the schooling gap has closed for the cohort born at the end of the 1960s. Since then, the gap has reversed such that within the cohort born in 1980, females have, on average, ¼ of a schooling year more than males. During the four decades of birth cohorts of our analysis (1940-1980) the gender gap in attainment has moved in favor of females at a pace of 0. 27 years of schooling per decade. A decomposition exercise suggests that the changes in the schooling gap are mainly explained by the educational attainment of females at the higher levels, rather than improvements in the early years of education. An analysis of attendance and attainment among girls and boys between 6 and 18, for Bolivia, Guatemala, Mexico and Peru (the countries that have not closed the gap in adult schooling attainment) reveals noticeable gender differences, favoring boys, only among older children of the lowest income quintiles and indigenous ethnicity.

Suggested Citation

Duryea, Suzanne and Galiani, Sebastian and Nopo, Hugo and Piras, Claudia C., The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean (April 2007). IDB Working Paper No. 502. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1820870 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1820870

Suzanne Duryea (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue, NW
Research Department
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Hugo Nopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Claudia C. Piras

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue, NW
Social Development Specialist
Washington, DC 20577
United States
202-623-2462 (Phone)
202-623-1463 (Fax)

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