Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Guatemala from a Matching Comparisons Perspective

43 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2011

See all articles by Hugo Ñopo

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Alberto Gonzales

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 2008

Abstract

This paper analyzes gender and ethnic wage gaps in Guatemala for the period 2000-2006, applying a matching comparisons technique, finding pronounced wage gaps along both gender and ethnic dimensions, the latter being greater. Wage gaps in Guatemala are partially explained by differences in human capital characteristics, especially education, between indigenous and non-indigenous and males and females, which calls for equalization of educational opportunities for the population. However, wage gaps are greater than differences in education would predict, which suggests the need for interventions: information campaigns to generate consciousness regarding the need to provide more equal opportunities in labor markets according to each individual’s productivity.

Suggested Citation

Nopo, Hugo and Gonzales, Alberto, Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Guatemala from a Matching Comparisons Perspective (July 2008). IDB Working Paper No. 541. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1820929 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1820929

Hugo Nopo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Alberto Gonzales

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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