The Impact of Worker Effort on Public Sentiment Towards Temporary Migrants

27 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2011

See all articles by Gil S. Epstein

Gil S. Epstein

Bar-Ilan University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University College London - CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration

Alessandra Venturini

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS)

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Abstract

Temporary and circular migration programs have been devised by many destination countries and supported by the European Commission as a policy to reduce welfare and social costs of immigration in destination countries. In this paper we present an additional reason for proposing temporary migration policies based on the characteristics of the foreign labor-effort supply. The level of effort exerted by migrants, which decreases over their duration in the host country, positively affects production, real wages and capital owners' profits. We show that the acceptance of job offers by migrants result in the displacement in employment of national workers. However it increases the workers' exertion, decreases prices and thus can counter anti-immigrant voter sentiment. Therefore, the favorable sentiment of the capital owners and the local population towards migrants may rise when temporary migration policies are adopted.

Keywords: migration, exertion of effort, contracted temporary migration

JEL Classification: J0, H0

Suggested Citation

Epstein, Gil S. and Venturini, Alessandra, The Impact of Worker Effort on Public Sentiment Towards Temporary Migrants. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5658. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1820949

Gil S. Epstein (Contact Author)

Bar-Ilan University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Alessandra Venturini

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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