Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps in Ecuador

28 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2011

See all articles by Hugo Ñopo

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Lourdes Gallardo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: April 2009

Abstract

Returns to labor for workers with similar endowments of productive characteristics in Ecuador are influenced by two characteristics that, arguably, should play no role on the determination of wages: gender and ethnicity. This paper analyzes wage gaps due to both characteristics in Ecuador for the period 2003-2007, applying a matching comparisons technique developed in Ñopo (2008). The results indicate ethnic wage gaps that are notably higher than gender wage gaps. Furthermore, ethnic wage gaps are higher among males than among females. Differences in human capital characteristics, however, explain almost one-half of the ethnic wage gaps but only a small fraction of the gender wage gaps. Both gender and ethnic wage gaps are more pronounced at the lower extremes of the earnings distribution.

Suggested Citation

Nopo, Hugo and Gallardo, Lourdes, Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps in Ecuador (April 2009). IDB Working Paper No. 565. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1821916 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1821916

Hugo Nopo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Lourdes Gallardo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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