Subsidizing Liquidity: The Impact of Make/Take Fees on Market Quality

44 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2011 Last revised: 11 Jan 2018

See all articles by Katya Malinova

Katya Malinova

McMaster University - Michael G. DeGroote School of Business

Andreas Park

University of Toronto - Finance Area

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 13, 2014

Abstract

Facing increased competition, over the last decade many stock exchanges changed their trading fees to maker-taker pricing, an incentive scheme that rewards liquidity suppliers and charges liquidity demanders. Using a change in trading fees on the Toronto Stock Exchange, we study whether and why the breakdown of trading fees between liquidity demanders and suppliers matters. Posted quotes adjust after the change in the fee composition, but the transaction costs for liquidity demanders remain unaffected once fees are taken into account. Yet, as posted bid-ask spreads decline, traders, in particular retail, use aggressive orders more frequently, and adverse selection costs decrease.

Keywords: Liquidity credits, market quality, trading, make/take fees, maker-taker, rebates, bid-ask spread

JEL Classification: G12, G14

Suggested Citation

Malinova, Katya and Park, Andreas, Subsidizing Liquidity: The Impact of Make/Take Fees on Market Quality (March 13, 2014). Journal of Finance, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1823600 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1823600

Katya Malinova

McMaster University - Michael G. DeGroote School of Business ( email )

1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4
Canada

Andreas Park (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Finance Area ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6
Canada

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