Field Experiments on Anchoring of Economic Valuations
42 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2011
Date Written: May 27, 2010
A pillar of behavioral research is the view that preferences are constructed during the value elicitation process, but it is unclear whether, and to what extent, such biases influence real market equilibria. This paper examines the "anchoring" phenomenon in the field. The first experiment produces evidence that inexperienced consumers can be anchored in the value elicitation process, yet there is little evidence that experienced agents are influenced by anchors. The second experiment finds that anchors have only transient effects on prices and quantities traded: aggregate market outcomes converge to the intersection of supply and demand after a few market periods.
Keywords: anchoring, valuation, field experiment, experience
JEL Classification: C93, D11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation