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Food Crisis, Household Welfare, and HIV/Aids Treatment: Evidence from Mozambique

29 Pages Posted: 1 May 2011  

Damien de Walque

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Harounan Kazianga

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater

Mead Over

Center for Global Development

Julia Vaillant

Développement Institutions & Analyses de Long Terme (DIAL); Université Paris Dauphine

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 6, 2011

Abstract

Using panel data from Mozambique collected in 2007 and 2008, the authors explore the impact of the food crisis on the welfare of households living with HIV/AIDS. The analysis finds that there has been a real deterioration of welfare in terms of income, food consumption, and nutritional status in Mozambique between 2007 and 2008, among both HIV and comparison households. However, HIV households have not suffered more from the crisis than others. Results on the evolution of labor-force participation suggest that initiation of treatment and better services in health facilities have counterbalanced the effect of the crisis by improving the health of patients and their labor-force participation. In addition, the authors look at the effect of the change in welfare on the frequency of visits to health facilities and on treatment outcomes. Both variables can proxy for adherence to treatment. This is a particularly crucial issue as it affects both the health of the patient and public health because sub-optimal adherence leads to the development of resistant forms of the virus. The authors find no effect of the change in welfare on the frequency of visits, but they do find that people who experienced a negative income shock also experienced a reduction or a slower progression in treatment outcomes.

Keywords: Food crisis, household welfare, HIV/AIDS, Mozambique

Suggested Citation

de Walque, Damien and Kazianga, Harounan and Over, Mead and Vaillant, Julia, Food Crisis, Household Welfare, and HIV/Aids Treatment: Evidence from Mozambique (January 6, 2011). Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 238. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1824607 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1824607

Damien De Walque (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/ddewalque

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Harounan Kazianga

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

Mead Over

Center for Global Development ( email )

2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Julia Vaillant

Développement Institutions & Analyses de Long Terme (DIAL) ( email )

France

Université Paris Dauphine ( email )

223 Rue Saint-Honore
Paris, 75775
France

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