Behavioural Orientations of Non-Profit Boards as a Factor in Entrepreneurial Performance: Does Governance Matter?

28 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2011

See all articles by Susan M.T. Coombes

Susan M.T. Coombes

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)

Michael H. Morris

University of Florida; Oklahoma State University

Jeffrey Allen

University of Central Florida

Justin W. Webb

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater

Date Written: June 2011

Abstract

Relatively little is understood about factors triggering entrepreneurial behaviour within organizations not driven by profit motives. Governance plays an important role in non-profits, particularly boards of directors. Integrating resource-based theory and entrepreneurial orientation research, we examine the influence of non-profit boards as strategic resources shaping the organization's entrepreneurial orientation and performance. In particular, we focus on the non-profit board's underlying behavioural orientations, or the extent to which the board is strategic, activist, conservative, and cohesive. Findings from a cross-sectional survey on arts and culture organizations demonstrate that three of these behavioural orientations impact levels of entrepreneurship occurring within non-profits. Higher levels of entrepreneurship affect social performance, but not financial performance.

Suggested Citation

Coombes, Susan M.T. and Morris, Michael H. and Allen, Jeffrey and Webb, Justin W., Behavioural Orientations of Non-Profit Boards as a Factor in Entrepreneurial Performance: Does Governance Matter? (June 2011). Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 48, Issue 4, pp. 829-856, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1824949 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00956.x

Susan M.T. Coombes

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)

1015 Floyd Avenue
Richmond, VA 23284
United States

Michael H. Morris

University of Florida ( email )

Gainesville, FL 32611
United States
352-273-0329 (Phone)

Oklahoma State University ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States
(405) 744 5357 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://entrepreneurship.okstate.edu

Jeffrey Allen

University of Central Florida ( email )

4000 Central Florida Blvd
Orlando, FL 32816-1400
United States

Justin W. Webb

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

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