Patterns of Emerging Labour Force and Growing Unemployment in North-East India: Some Issues
15 Pages Posted: 3 May 2011
Date Written: September 28, 2010
In this paper, we investigate the incidence of unemployment among the seven northeastern states of India and compared it with all India figures. This is based on household level data on employment and unemployment collected by the NSSO for the year 1993-94. The level of unemployment has been estimated considering the principal usual activity and current weekly status of the persons in the working age group of 15-59 years.
The incidence of unemployment in NER is in general higher than national average. It is highest for Assam among these states. The data suggests that the common belief that youth unemployment is high in NE states is indeed true. There is an urgent need of all out efforts for a “Job oriented economic growth”. Encouraging non-farming activities in the rural areas and enlarging the scope of economic activities in urban areas. It may help in creating additional employment opportunities. The improved intra- and inter-regional trade links coupled with international trade links with neighboring countries like Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal could create additional employment opportunities in the long run. Of course, these linkages might not take shape unless proper infrastructural facilities are created. But how this could materialize is the biggest challenge for the policy makers in the region.
Keywords: Labour profile, Unemployment, Economic Growth
JEL Classification: J21, J58, J64
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation