Income Shocks and Adolescent Mental Health

45 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Sarah Baird

Sarah Baird

George Washington University - School of Public Health and Health Services (SPHHS)

Jacobus de Hoop

University of Rome Tor Vergata

Berk Ozler

World Bank - Development Economics Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: April 1, 2011

Abstract

In this paper, the authors investigate the effect of positive income shocks on the mental health of adolescent girls using experimental evidence from a cash transfer program in Malawi. They find that the provision of monthly cash transfers had a strong beneficial impact on the mental health of school-age girls during the two-year intervention. Among baseline schoolgirls who were offered unconditional cash transfers, the likelihood of suffering from psychological distress was 38 percent lower than the control group, while the same figure was 17 percent if the cash transfers offers were made conditional on regular school attendance. The authors find no impact on the mental health of girls who had already dropped out of school at baseline. The beneficial effects of cash transfers were limited to the intervention period and dissipated quickly after the program ended.

Keywords: Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Disease Control & Prevention, Health Systems Development & Reform, Mental Health, Population Policies

Suggested Citation

Baird, Sarah and de Hoop, Jacobus and Ozler, Berk, Income Shocks and Adolescent Mental Health (April 1, 2011). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5644. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1825787

Sarah Baird

George Washington University - School of Public Health and Health Services (SPHHS) ( email )

2300 I Street, NW
Ross Hall 106
Washington, DC 20037
United States

Jacobus De Hoop

University of Rome Tor Vergata

Via di Tor Vergata
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

Berk Ozler

World Bank - Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/bozler

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