An Alternative Approach to the Ecological Effects of Mixed Pollution in Eastern Obolo
Sacha Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 41-48, 2011
8 Pages Posted: 1 May 2011 Last revised: 23 Oct 2013
Date Written: April 30, 2011
This study investigated the ecological effects of mixed pollution in Eastern Obolo communities in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. There have been several debates on the subject matter of the interaction of the people of the Niger Delta with the oil firms over the past few years. The core of the debate often, is the hazard of oil and gas pollution on the environment. This study attempted to find other possible contributory sources of the pollution problems in the area. Five variables were selected namely; household waste disposal, human bodily waste, oil spillages, gas flaring, seismic and dredging activities. A population of 301 subjects was selected from 13 towns and villages between January 2009 and January 2011, using the stratified random sampling. Structured questionnaires were used. The model for analysis was the multiple regression models of Aldrich (2005) and Fisher (1922). The study finds that the ecological pollution of Eastern Obolo is not only caused by the activities of the oil firms (that is, gas flaring, seismic activities, dredging, and oil spillages) but also caused by the contributory effects of human bodily waste including faeces and household waste that are unreasonably and routinely being dumped in the environment by the natives. The study concludes by recommending for the inclusion of the natives in environmental decisions and policy formulations.
Keywords: Environment, Pollution, Oil Spillage, Indigenous people, Niger Delta, Natural resources
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