42 Pages Posted: 9 May 2011
This paper tests predictions of a structural, augmented supply-of-offenders model regarding the relative effects of police, public prosecution and courts, respectively, on crime. Using detailed data on the different stages of the criminal prosecution process in Germany, empirical evidence suggests that public prosecutors and their influence on the probability of conviction play a major role in explaining the variation of crime rates, while the impact of the severity of punishment is small and insignificant.
Keywords: public prosecutors, certainty of punishment, general deterrence, informal punishment, panel data
JEL Classification: K14, K41, C23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Entorf, Horst, Crime, Prosecutors, and the Certainty of Conviction. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5670. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1835309