The Relationship of Reliability and Validity of Personality Tests to Frame-of-Reference Instructions and Within-Person Inconsistency

13 Pages Posted: 20 May 2011  

Craig M. Reddock

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Michael D. Biderman

University of Tennessee

Nhung T. Nguyen

Towson University - Department of Management

Date Written: June 2011

Abstract

The efficacy of both frame-of-reference (FOR) instructions and a measure of within-person inconsistency in predicting grade point average was investigated. The IPIP Big Five personality questionnaire was given to 329 students with generic instructions and at school FOR instructions. The Wonderlic Personnel Test was also administered. A measure of within-person inconsistency was created based on the standard deviations of responses to items within the same Big Five dimension. The validity of conscientiousness was greater when FOR instructions were given. The measure of within-person inconsistency provided incremental validity over that of conscientiousness and cognitive ability. Additionally, within-person inconsistency moderated the relationship between conscientiousness and performance for the participants without the FOR instructions. Practical implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

Reddock, Craig M. and Biderman, Michael D. and Nguyen, Nhung T., The Relationship of Reliability and Validity of Personality Tests to Frame-of-Reference Instructions and Within-Person Inconsistency (June 2011). International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Vol. 19, Issue 2, pp. 119-131, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1841242 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2389.2011.00540.x

Craig M. Reddock (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Michael D. Biderman

University of Tennessee ( email )

Department of Philosophy & Religion (#2753)
Chattanooga, TN 37403-2598

Nhung T. Nguyen

Towson University - Department of Management ( email )

8000 York Road
Towson, MD 21204
United States

Paper statistics

Downloads
3
Abstract Views
609