Job Accessibility and Employment Probability

XREAP No. 2008-05

39 Pages Posted: 25 May 2011

See all articles by Anna Matas

Anna Matas

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Josep Lluís Raymond

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Josep-Lluís Roig

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Date Written: May 1, 2008

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to estimate the impact of residential job accessibility on female employment probability in the metropolitan areas of Barcelona and Madrid. Following a “spatial mismatch” framework, we estimate a female employment probability equation where variables controlling for personal characteristics, residential segregation and employment potential on public transport network are included. Data used come from Microcensus 2001 of INE (National Institute of Statistics). The research focuses on the treatment of endogeneity problems and the measurement of accessibility variables. Our results show that low job accessibility in public transport negatively affects employment probability. The intensity of this effect tends to decrease with individual’s educational attainment. A higher degree of residential segregation also reduces job probability in a significant way.

Suggested Citation

Matas, Anna and Raymond, Josep Lluís and Roig, Josep-Lluís, Job Accessibility and Employment Probability (May 1, 2008). XREAP No. 2008-05. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1843166 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1843166

Anna Matas (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Josep Lluís Raymond

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Josep-Lluís Roig

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

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