Car Ownership and Access to Jobs in Spain

XREAP No. 2008-03

21 Pages Posted: 25 May 2011

See all articles by Anna Matas

Anna Matas

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Josep Lluís Raymond

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Josep-Lluís Roig

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Date Written: April 1, 2008

Abstract

This study analyses the impact that job accessibility in public transport has on car ownership. An ordered probit explaining the number of cars per household is estimated as a function of head of household characteristics, household characteristics and job accessibility. The data used in the analysis come from the Microcensus of year 2001 of the Spanish Institute of Statistics for the areas of Barcelona and Madrid. Our results show a significant effect of accessibility on car ownership. Additionally, we carried out simulation exercises in which the expected number of vehicles decreases as accessibility improves. For instance, in the case of households living outside the central city, an improvement of accessibility up to the average level of the central city would offset the effect of the number of working adults on the expected number of vehicles.

Keywords: car ownership, job accessibility, public transport

Suggested Citation

Matas, Anna and Raymond, Josep Lluís and Roig, Josep-Lluís, Car Ownership and Access to Jobs in Spain (April 1, 2008). XREAP No. 2008-03. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1843170 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1843170

Anna Matas (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Josep Lluís Raymond

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Josep-Lluís Roig

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

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