Impact of Private Secondary Schooling on Cognitive Skills: Evidence from India
31 Pages Posted: 18 May 2011 Last revised: 27 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 20, 2014
We examine the effect of attending private secondary school on educational achievement, as measured by scores in a comprehensive standardize math test, in two Indian states: Orissa and Rajasthan. We use propensity score matching (PSM) to control for any systematic differences between students attending private secondary schools and public secondary schools, and assess the sensitivity of our estimates with respect to unobservables using the Rosenbaum Bounds. We find that students in private schools in rural (urban) Rajasthan scored about 1.3 (0.4) standard deviation (SD) higher than their counterparts in the public schools. Importantly, the positive private school impact in rural (urban) Rajasthan survives a large (moderate) amount of positive selection on unobservables. We do not find statistically significant difference in urban Orissa, while a positive impact of 0.3 SD in rural Orissa is susceptible to small amount of positive selection on unobservables.
Keywords: Public and private school, achievement, secondary school, India
JEL Classification: C21, I21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation