Impact of Private Secondary Schooling on Cognitive Skills: Evidence from India

31 Pages Posted: 18 May 2011 Last revised: 27 Oct 2014

See all articles by Mehtabul Azam

Mehtabul Azam

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Geeta Gandhi Kingdon

University of London - Institute of Education

Kin Bing Wu

Independent

Date Written: October 20, 2014

Abstract

We examine the effect of attending private secondary school on educational achievement, as measured by scores in a comprehensive standardize math test, in two Indian states: Orissa and Rajasthan. We use propensity score matching (PSM) to control for any systematic differences between students attending private secondary schools and public secondary schools, and assess the sensitivity of our estimates with respect to unobservables using the Rosenbaum Bounds. We find that students in private schools in rural (urban) Rajasthan scored about 1.3 (0.4) standard deviation (SD) higher than their counterparts in the public schools. Importantly, the positive private school impact in rural (urban) Rajasthan survives a large (moderate) amount of positive selection on unobservables. We do not find statistically significant difference in urban Orissa, while a positive impact of 0.3 SD in rural Orissa is susceptible to small amount of positive selection on unobservables.

Keywords: Public and private school, achievement, secondary school, India

JEL Classification: C21, I21

Suggested Citation

Azam, Mehtabul and Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi and Wu, Kin Bing, Impact of Private Secondary Schooling on Cognitive Skills: Evidence from India (October 20, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1843323 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1843323

Mehtabul Azam (Contact Author)

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Geeta Gandhi Kingdon

University of London - Institute of Education ( email )

20 Bedford Way
London, WC1H 0AL
United Kingdom

Kin Bing Wu

Independent ( email )

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