Racial/Ethnic and Education-Related Disparities in Control of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Among Diabetics

22 Pages Posted: 18 May 2011

See all articles by Pinka Chatterji

Pinka Chatterji

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Heesoo Joo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kajal Lahiri

State University of New York (SUNY) at Albany, College of Arts and Sciences, Economics

Date Written: May 17, 2011

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate racial/ethnic and education-related disparities and examine trends in uncontrolled cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors among adults with diabetes.

Methods: The analysis samples include adults aged 20 and over from NHANES III, 1988-1994 and NHANES 1999-2008 who self-report having diabetes (n=1,107, NHANES III; n=1,933, NHANES 1999-2008). Using logistic regression models, we examine correlates of binary indicators measuring: (1) high blood glucose; (2) high blood pressure; (3) high cholesterol; and (4) smoking.

Results: Control of blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol improved among diabetics between NHANES III and NHANES 1999-2008, but there was no change in smoking prevalence. In NHANES 1999-2008, racial/ethnic minorities and individuals without some college were more likely to have poorly controlled blood glucose compared to non-Latino whites and those with some college. Also, diabetics with some college were less likely to smoke and had better blood pressure control compared to diabetics without some college.

Conclusions: Trends in CVD risk factors among diabetics improved over the past two decades, but racial/ethnic and education-related disparities have emerged in some areas.

Keywords: cardiovascular (CFD) risk factors, diabetes, health disparity, NHANES

JEL Classification: I120

Suggested Citation

Chatterji, Pinka and Joo, Heesoo and Lahiri, Kajal, Racial/Ethnic and Education-Related Disparities in Control of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Among Diabetics (May 17, 2011). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3448. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1844083

Pinka Chatterji

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Heesoo Joo

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Kajal Lahiri (Contact Author)

State University of New York (SUNY) at Albany, College of Arts and Sciences, Economics ( email )

Department of Economics
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States
518-442 4758 (Phone)
518-442 4736 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.albany.edu/~klahiri

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