Negative Security Assurances in the Protocols Additional to the Treaties Establishing Nuclear Weapon-Free Zones
OBAMA AND THE BOMB - THE VISION OF A WORLD FREE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, H. Gartner, ed., Peter Lang, pp. 129-147, 2011
25 Pages Posted: 25 May 2011
Date Written: September 1, 2010
This work examines the security assurances provided by the nuclear weapon states not to use nuclear weapons against states parties to the treaties establishing nuclear weapon-free zones. These negative assurances are contained in Protocols additional to the main treaties and they are not identical in all five treaties (Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok, Pelindaba, Semipalatinsk). The nuclear weapon states have also issued declarations when signing and/or ratifying the Protocols, the nature of which is controversial. These declarations are discussed in order to verify how they affect the scope of the negative security assurances.
Keywords: nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation, nuclear weapon-free zones, negative security assurances, Treaty of Tlatelolco, Rarotonga Treaty, Pelindaba Treaty, Bangkok Treaty, Semipalatinsk Treaty
JEL Classification: K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation