Shifts in Portfolio Preferences of International Investors: An Application to Sovereign Wealth Funds

49 Pages Posted: 26 May 2011

See all articles by Filipa Sá

Filipa Sá

King's College London; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Francesca Viani

Banco de España

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 18, 2011


Reversals in capital inflows can have severe economic consequences. This paper develops a dynamic general equilibrium model to analyze the effect on interest rates, asset prices, investment, consumption, output, the exchange rate and the current account of a shift in portfolio preferences of foreign investors. The model has two countries and two asset classes (equities and bonds). It is characterized by imperfect substitutability between assets and allows for endogenous adjustment in interest rates and asset prices. Therefore, it accounts for capital gains arising from equity price movements, in addition to valuation effects caused by changes in the exchange rate. To illustrate the mechanics of the model, we calibrate it to analyse the consequences of an increase in the importance of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs). Specifically, we ask what would happen if ‘excess’ reserves held by emerging markets were transferred from central banks to SWFs. We look separately at two diversification paths: one in which SWFs keep the same allocation across bonds and equities as central banks, but move away from dollar assets (path 1); and another in which they choose the same currency composition as central banks, but shift from US bonds to US equities (path 2). In path 1, the dollar depreciates and US net debt falls on impact and increases in the long run. In path 2, the dollar depreciates and US net debt increases in the long run. In both cases, there is a reduction in the ‘exorbitant privilege’, i.e., the excess return the United States receives on its assets over what it pays on its liabilities. The model is applicable to other episodes in which foreign investors change the composition of their portfolios.

Keywords: portfolio preferences, sudden stops, imperfect substitutability, global imbalances, sovereign wealth funds

JEL Classification: F32

Suggested Citation

Sa, Filipa G. and Viani, Francesca, Shifts in Portfolio Preferences of International Investors: An Application to Sovereign Wealth Funds (May 18, 2011). Banco de Espana Working Paper, No. 1112, 2011, Available at SSRN: or

Filipa G. Sa

King's College London ( email )

150 Stamford Street
London, SE1 9NN
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072

Francesca Viani (Contact Author)

Banco de España ( email )

Alcala 50
Madrid 28014


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