Turkophobia and Rising Islamophobia in Europe: A Quantification for the Negative Spillovers on the EU Membership Quest of Turkey
European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 479-491, 2011
13 Pages Posted: 19 May 2011
Date Written: April 1, 2011
This paper studies the recent rise of the public fear against Islam and Turkey in Europe. We present an overview on the current tendencies and provide an informative synopsis on Islamophobia in general and Turkophobia in particular. The quantitative part of the study focuses on a regression analysis to model the relationship between the European dislike of a Turkish EU membership and the Turkish population in Europe. Our results show that a higher Turkish population share in the European host country corresponds to a higher disapproval rate of Turkish membership in the EU. In the same vein, a lower Turkish population share in the European host country corresponds to a lower disapproval rate of Turkish membership in the EU. The positive statistical relationship is found to be highly significant and of high effect size.
Keywords: EU and Turkey, European Integration of Turkey, Islamophobia, Turkophobia
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