Agrifood Industry Transformation and Small Farmers in Developing Countries

Posted: 20 May 2011

See all articles by Thomas Reardon

Thomas Reardon

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Christopher B. Barrett

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management

Julio Berdegué

International Network for Research on Farming Systems (RIMISP)

Johan F. M. Swinnen

KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS); European Commission, DG II

Date Written: August 7, 2008

Abstract

This article introduces this special issue on the rapid transformation of the agrifood industry in developing countries and its effects on small farmers. We review the literature from the late 1980s to the present and find evidence first of food processing then retail transformation, and mixed evidence of impacts on small farmers, both inclusion (particularly with “resource-providing contracts”) and exclusion (sometimes from scale-constraint, sometimes from inadequate non-land assets). The special issue papers contribute to the debate by confirming the mix of cases of inclusion and exclusion. The cases are main in horticulture and dairy, key hopes for smallholder development.

Keywords: agrifood industry, small farmer, transformation, modernization, supermarkets, processors, contracts, institutions, vertical coordination, foreign direct investment, consolidation

Suggested Citation

Reardon, Thomas A. and Barrett, Christopher B. and Berdegue, Julio A. and Swinnen, Johan F.M., Agrifood Industry Transformation and Small Farmers in Developing Countries (August 7, 2008). World Development, Vol. 37, No. 11, 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1846536

Thomas A. Reardon

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States
517-355-1521 (Phone)
517-432-1800 (Fax)

Christopher B. Barrett (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management ( email )

315 Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7801
United States
607-255-4489 (Phone)
607-255-9984 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://aem.cornell.edu/faculty_sites/cbb2/

Julio A. Berdegue

International Network for Research on Farming Systems (RIMISP) ( email )

Santiago
Chile

Johan F.M. Swinnen

KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS) ( email )

Waaistraat 6
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

European Commission, DG II ( email )

Wetstrath 200
Office 15172
1049 Brussels
Belgium
+32-2-2960442 (Phone)
Not available (Fax)

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