Information Acquisition, Foreign Bank Entry, and Credit Allocation
36 Pages Posted: 24 May 2011 Last revised: 11 Aug 2014
This paper presents a theoretical framework to understand the impact of foreign bank entry on the access to and the price of credit for different types of firms. A major point of departure from the previous literature is that incumbents' information about firms is endogenous in the model; previous screenings and lending relations of incumbents determine which type(s) of firms they can identify. I show that the incumbents' information is negatively correlated with the quality of borrowers. Moreover, although a priori entrants have a comparative advantage in lending to transparent firms, previous lending relations of incumbents might reverse this relation. In particular, given that transparent firms are the only type screened before the entry and therefore they are the only type distinguishable by incumbents, entrants might have a comparative advantage in lending to opaque firms. The analysis provides new insights into the inconclusive evidence of the literature regarding entrants' credit allocation.
Keywords: Foreign Entry, Asymmetric Information, Credit Allocation, SMEs
JEL Classification: D82, F3, G15, G18, G2, O16, O19
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