Reading the Bible in Nazi Germany: Gerhard Von Rad’s Attempt to Reclaim the Old Testament for the Church
Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology, Vol. 62, pp. 238-254, 2008
17 Pages Posted: 25 May 2011
Date Written: 2008
From 1933 through 1945, the Hebrew Bible was under attack in Nazi Germany. Indeed, the entire notion that Christianity had any connection to Judaism was systematically denied. Even within the Church, the long-standing tradition of “Old Testament“ studies was marginalized. This paper studies the heroic struggles of Gerhard von Rad. It tells the story of how von Rad, long before he became a famous Protestant theologian, fought in near isolation to defend the Old Testament. Much of the gripping story has not been widely known, and has only recently become available.
Keywords: Old Testament Theology, Jewish Studies, University of Jena, Gerhard von Rad, Walter Grundmann, Susannah Heschel, Deuteronomy, Deuteronomium, German-Jewish, history, Holocaust, modern German history, Karl Astel
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