Financial Systemic Risk: Taxation or Regulation?
Bocconi University - Department of Economics
Bocconi University; University of Teramo
Paolo Baffi Centre Research Paper No. 2011-91
In this paper we describe systemic financial risk as a pollution issue. Free riding leads to excess risk production. This problem may be solved, at least partially, either with financial regulation or taxation. From a normative viewpoint taxation is superior in many respects. However, reality shows that financial regulation is more frequently adopted. In this paper we make a politico-economic argument. If the majority chooses a tax, then it is likely to be too low. If it chooses regulation it will possibly be too harsh. Moreover, a majority of low polluting portfolio owners may have a strategic incentive to use regulation rather than taxation in order to charge the minority a large share of the externality reduction.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 19
Keywords: financial stability, systemic risk, financial transactions tax, financial regulation, political economy
JEL Classification: G01, G18, G28, H23, E61
Date posted: May 27, 2011