Multiplicative Error Models
26 Pages Posted: 27 May 2011
Date Written: March 31, 2011
Financial time series analysis has focused on data related to market trading activity. Next to the modeling of the conditional variance of returns within the GARCH family of models, recent attention has been devoted to other variables: First, and foremost, volatility measured on the basis of ultra -- high frequency data, but also volumes, number of trades, durations. In this paper, we examine a class of models, named Multiplicative Error Models, which are particularly suited to model such non-negative time series. We discuss the univariate specification, by considering the base choices for the conditional expectation and the error term. We provide also a general framework, allowing for richer specifications of the conditional mean. The outcome is a novel MEM (called Composite MEM) which is reminiscent of the short and long -- run component GARCH model by Engle & Lee (1999). Inference issues are discussed relative to Maximum Likelihood and Generalized Method of Moments estimation. In the application, we show the regularity in parameter estimates and forecasting performance obtainable by applying the MEM to the realized kernel volatility of components of the S&P100 index.
Keywords: MEM, Realized Volatility, Forecasting
JEL Classification: C22, C51, C52, C53
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