The Political Economy of Sustainable Reforms: The How-To Sequence

Posted: 28 May 2011

Date Written: May 26, 2011


This paper presents a theory to explain the political economy effective and sustainable reform interventions. It presents a sequence made up of three stages linking stakeholders’ reform interventions to different types of institutions and policy systems. Sustainable reform interventions require: a) a pro-reform leader that builds a coalition rather than going alone; b) a pro-reform intervention that fits the policies’ territorial regime; c) a pro-reform intervention that it is anchored institutionally so as to provide sustainability to the reform. This sequence systematizes the how-to decisions and contextual processes by which sustainable, reversible, cosmetic, and sustainable emerge in a broad range of public policies. This tool provides actionable knowledge about political economy aspects of institutional change.

Keywords: Sustainability, Institutional Reform, Territorial Politics, How-To

Suggested Citation

Guerzovich, Maria F. and Giraudy, Agustina, The Political Economy of Sustainable Reforms: The How-To Sequence (May 26, 2011). Available at SSRN:

Agustina Giraudy

Harvard University ( email )

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