A Crisis that Never Came: The Decline of the European Antarctic Whaling Industry in the 1950s and 60s

22 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2011

See all articles by Bjørn Basberg

Bjørn Basberg

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 16, 2011

Abstract

The paper analyzes the decline and final close down of the European Antarctic whaling industry in the 1950s and 60s. This industry had been led by British and Norwegian companies, which were now challenged by Japan and Soviet Union that completely took over Antarctic whaling for the next decades. The decline most severely affected Norway where the whaling industry was relatively more important than in any other country. The decline was also disproportionally felt in Norway because the country provided crew and equipment to many foreign whaling companies. The paper will therefore have a special focus on the Norwegian industry and how the challenges were faced there. The analysis reveals that the decline did not develop into a crisis for the companies involved or in the wider economy. One main explanation was that business cycles in shipping and in the general economy were very favorable during the years when the whaling industry was wound up.

Keywords: whaling industry, Norway, Antarctic whaling, decline, crisis

Suggested Citation

Basberg, Bjørn, A Crisis that Never Came: The Decline of the European Antarctic Whaling Industry in the 1950s and 60s (May 16, 2011). NHH Dept. of Economics Discussion Paper No. 09/2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1855587 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1855587

Bjørn Basberg (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

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