Long-Run Effects of Prenatal Influenza-Exposure: Evidence from Switzerland
33 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2011
Date Written: May 31, 2011
In this paper we estimate the long-run effects of prenatal exposure to the 1918/19 influenza wave for a European country. Using data from the 1970 Swiss census and comparing cohort outcomes, we find that the male Swiss-born cohort with in utero exposure to the pandemic performs significantly worse in terms of educational attainment and has a lower chance of marriage than the surrounding cohorts. Further, we find similar results when we in addition use regional differences in influenza severity to test for the impact of influenza on later in life outcomes. Finally, a set of robustness tests confirm our findings.
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