Long-Run Effects of Prenatal Influenza-Exposure: Evidence from Switzerland

33 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2011

See all articles by Sven Neelsen

Sven Neelsen

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Thomas Stratmann

George Mason University - Buchanan Center Political Economy; George Mason University - Mercatus Center; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: May 31, 2011

Abstract

In this paper we estimate the long-run effects of prenatal exposure to the 1918/19 influenza wave for a European country. Using data from the 1970 Swiss census and comparing cohort outcomes, we find that the male Swiss-born cohort with in utero exposure to the pandemic performs significantly worse in terms of educational attainment and has a lower chance of marriage than the surrounding cohorts. Further, we find similar results when we in addition use regional differences in influenza severity to test for the impact of influenza on later in life outcomes. Finally, a set of robustness tests confirm our findings.

Suggested Citation

Neelsen, Sven and Stratmann, Thomas, Long-Run Effects of Prenatal Influenza-Exposure: Evidence from Switzerland (May 31, 2011). GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-24, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1856310 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1856310

Sven Neelsen

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research) ( email )

Poschingerstra├če 5
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Germany
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HOME PAGE: http://www.ifo.de

Thomas Stratmann (Contact Author)

George Mason University - Buchanan Center Political Economy ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States
703-993-2330 (Phone)

George Mason University - Mercatus Center ( email )

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United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.mercatus.org/scholars/thomas-stratmann

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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