The Cannabis Market in the Netherlands

14 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2011

See all articles by Toine Spapens

Toine Spapens

Tilburg University, Law School; Police Academy of the Netherlands

Date Written: June 1, 2011


Although Dutch policy on soft drugs (hashish, marijuana) generally has long been considered a success, there is a growing concern among policy makers about the unforeseen side effects of regulation policies. One of these side effects is the large-scale domestic cannabis cultivation, which, according to the Dutch police, has developed into a major source of income for organized crime groups since the second half of the 1990s. Such groups, however, are not the only actors on the cannabis market. This paper discusses empirical research on the organization of cannabis cultivation in the south of the Netherlands.

Keywords: drugs, regulation, organized crime

JEL Classification: K42

Suggested Citation

Spapens, Toine, The Cannabis Market in the Netherlands (June 1, 2011). Available at SSRN: or

Toine Spapens (Contact Author)

Tilburg University, Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE

Police Academy of the Netherlands ( email )

7334 AC Apeldoorn

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics