Is Pro-Labor Law Pro-Women? Evidence from India
44 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2011 Last revised: 27 Aug 2014
Date Written: March 1, 2011
I study the effects of state-level differences in labor regulation on labor market outcomes of women in India. Using a representative sample of urban households from 2005, I find that labor regulation has a large negative effect on women’s economic activity, mainly employment. My estimates suggest that a one standard deviation increase in the labor regulation measure decreases the probability of a woman being economically active by 3% to 4% — the implied decrease in female labor force is between 15% and 18%. The effects on men’s participation are around zero. I do not find labor regulation to have a significant effect on male wages or the gender wage gap. Finally, labor regulation is associated with women having less say at home and lower sex ratio.
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