Impacts of Sustainability: A Multi-Level Synthesis and Research Agenda
59 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2011
Date Written: June 6, 2011
The deterioration of environmental and societal conditions worldwide has initiated extensive discussions on what has been coined as sustainability and to what extent the relevant actions constitute an imperative or alternatively disorientate businesses for their main scope. Despite the attention given on this topic, there exists a noticeable lack of empirical studies concerning how sustainability affects the economy and society. Therefore, it seems timely to set a research agenda that would focus on the examination of its impact on three levels, namely micro-level (i.e. individual social groups), meso-level (i.e. business) and macro-level (i.e. law, politics, non-governmental and public organizations). Equally important is also the understanding of how antecedents and moderators shape the impacts of sustainability initiatives at these levels. Based on an interdisciplinary conceptual framework, the article provides a synthesis of the extant literature and suggests avenues for future research on this issue.
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