The European Union and the Challenges of Forced Migration: From Economic Crisis to Protection Crisis?
European University Institute Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies EU-US Immigration Systems Research Paper No. 2011/07
53 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2011
Date Written: June 7, 2011
The current economic crisis occurs at a turning point of the EU asylum policy. After a frenetic phase leading up to the adoption of numerous EU directives and regulations, the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) has now entered a second phase of consolidation of the asylum acquis. This new impulse paves the way for a re-assessment of the whole CEAS with a view to ensuring a genuine common asylum policy. Against such a background, it is timely to consider whether the EU has developed the appropriate means to achieving harmonization. Indeed, all stakeholders are aware that the CEAS is losing edge, revealing its limits, not only in terms of refugee protection, but also as regards its capacity for properly fulfilling its main objective: the establishment of a truly common asylum system. In the midst of this reflective period, the present Report aims at reassessing the CEAS through a critical overview of its four main strategic pillars: preventing access to EU territory; combating ‘asylum-shopping’; criminalizing failed asylum-seekers and enforcing their return; and promoting the integration of refugees duly recognized as such.
Keywords: Common European Asylum System, European Union, refugee, economic crisis, forced migration, migration control
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