Electoral Hurdles and Rainbow Coalitions in Black Descriptive Representation in Local Legislatures: Detecting Asymmetric Conditions in Equifinal Data

66 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2011 Last revised: 18 Feb 2015

See all articles by Kathy Anne Dopp

Kathy Anne Dopp

Independent

Tyson King-Meadows

University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)

Dr. Linda M. Trautman

Ohio University-Lancaster; Ohio University

Date Written: December 7, 2014

Abstract

This study analyzes the dynamics of black descriptive representation from 1980 to 2000 in city councils and school boards, employing interactive variables to closely mirror the process for determining the number of elected legislators. Our key methodological contribution is to expand qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) measures of necessity and sufficiency to any shape of statistical function, thus, bridging set theoretic and quantitative methods using the rules of philosophic logic. The data enable side-by-side empirical methodological comparison of the results of OLS linear regression with the results of our proposed method of asymmetrical statistical analysis and yield substantive insights about the efficacy of rainbow coalitions to elect local black representatives. Also, we present a precise definition of minority group representational hurdle and voting age population (VAP) seats as unit of analysis for analyzing legislative representation. Jurisdictions exhibit different propensities for rainbow coalitions to form and for which electoral method is optimal for electing black representatives. This variation and our finding of overall black descriptive under-representation provide support for individual scrutiny of cases of under-representation via Congressional re-enactment of a Voting Rights Act section 4 preclearance measure.

Keywords: Asymmetric statistics, sufficiency, necessity, QCA measures for any functional shape, Voting Rights Act, Minority Representation, Electoral Methods, Section 5 Preclearance Clause, Minority Legislative Representation, Local legislatures, black descriptive representation, rainbow voting coalitions

Suggested Citation

Dopp, Kathy Anne and King-Meadows, Tyson and Trautman, Linda M., Electoral Hurdles and Rainbow Coalitions in Black Descriptive Representation in Local Legislatures: Detecting Asymmetric Conditions in Equifinal Data (December 7, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1860424 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1860424

Kathy Anne Dopp (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

United States

Tyson King-Meadows

University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) ( email )

Department of Political Science
1000 Hilltop Circle
Baltimore, MD 21250
United States
410-455-2194 (Phone)
410-455-1021 (Fax)

Linda M. Trautman

Ohio University-Lancaster ( email )

1570 Granville Pike
Lancaster, OH 43130
United States
740-681-3380 (Phone)
740-687-9497 (Fax)

Ohio University ( email )

1570 Granville Pike
Lancaster, OH 43130
United States
740-681-3380 (Phone)
740-687-9497 (Fax)

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