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Do Employment Quotas Explain the Occupational Choices of Disadvantaged Minorities in India?

32 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2011  

Nishith Prakash

University of Connecticut; Institute for the Study of Labor

Larry L. Howard

California State University, Fullerton

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 11, 2011

Abstract

This article investigates the effects of a large-scale public sector employment quota policy for disadvantaged minorities (Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) in India on their occupational choices, as defined by skill level, during the 1980s and 1990s. We find that, first, the employment quota policy significantly affects the occupational structure of both disadvantaged minority populations. In response to the employment quotas, individuals belonging to the Scheduled Caste group are more likely to choose high-skill occupations and less likely to choose low- and middle-skill occupations, while individuals belonging to the Scheduled Tribe group are less likely to choose high-skill occupations and more likely to choose low- and middle-skill occupations. Second, the influence of the employment quotas is significantly interrelated with an individual's years of schooling. Overall, the results indicate that the employment quota policy changes the occupational choices of individuals within the targeted populations and contributes to their improved socio-economic standing.

Keywords: Affirmative Action, Employment Quota, Occupational Choice, Skill, Caste, India

JEL Classification: J62, J61, J24, O10

Suggested Citation

Prakash, Nishith and Howard, Larry L., Do Employment Quotas Explain the Occupational Choices of Disadvantaged Minorities in India? (April 11, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1861357 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1861357

Nishith Prakash (Contact Author)

University of Connecticut ( email )

365 Fairfield Way, U-1063
Storrs, CT 06269-1063
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/nishithprakash1978/

Institute for the Study of Labor ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Larry L. Howard

California State University, Fullerton ( email )

800 N State College Blvd
Fullerton, CA 92834-6848
United States
6572787171 (Phone)
6572783097 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://business.fullerton.edu/Economics/larryhoward

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