The Causal Relationship between Energy Use and Economic Growth in Switzerland
Genève: Haute Ecole de Gestion de Genève, 2011. 20 p. Cahier de Recherche No HES-SO/HEG-GE/C--11/1/1--CH
18 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2011 Last revised: 18 Apr 2016
Date Written: 2013
This paper investigates the relationships between energy consumption and economic growth in Switzerland over the period 1950-2010. We apply bounds testing techniques to different energy types separately. Robustness tests are performed by including additional variables and restricting the analysis to the period after 1970. The results show that there exist robust long run relationships going from real GDP towards heating oil and electricity consumption. The relationship between heating oil and GDP is in fact bi-directional, although weaker from heating oil towards GDP. When investigating the period 1970-2010 only, the estimate of the long run elasticity of GDP with respect to electricity loses its statistical significance and that for heating oil becomes negative. Those results imply a possible decoupling between GDP growth and energy consumption, so that energy conservation policies would not have a negative impact on Swiss economic growth.
Keywords: Energy – GDP relationship, energy policy, fractional integration
JEL Classification: Q43, C32, O13
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