Waging War on 'Unemployables'? Race, Low-Wage Work, and Minimum Wages: The New Evidence
Harry G. Hutchison
George Mason University - School of Law; Oxford Centre for the Study of Law & Public Policy
June 17, 2011
Hofstra Labor and Emploment Law Journal, Vol. 29, p. 25, 2011
George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 11-28
Capturing both popular and academic imaginations, recent literature contributions contest the standard treatment of minimum wage statutes as vehicles that enlarge the economic and social dislocation of vulnerable workers. A persistent strain of the current scholarship dedicated to progressive labor ideology implies that minimum wages or, alternatively, living wage statutes are necessary to preclude the degradation of low-wage workers. The publication of Simon Deakin and Frank Wilkinson’s recent article, Minimum Wage Legislation, constitutes yet another effort to destabilize the neoclassical consensus that emphasizes the adverse employment effects of wage regulation. Prescinding from orthodox economic analysis, Deakin and Wilkinson insist that there is a good efficiency-based case for minimum wage legislation. If the authors are correct, and if efficiency standing alone supports their normative viewpoint, then the contention that such legislation ought to be seen as a societal good might become tenable.
Unfortunately, their claims are highly doubtful. Perceived through the lenses of American labor history, classical liberalism, Critical Race Theory and neoclassical economics, the authors’ allegations signify the capitulation of reasoned analysis to ideology. Rather than supporting the interest of the public or of vulnerable workers, their starkly conventional and progressive approach to labor law reform recalls John Stuart Mill’s embrace of Social Darwinism and consequent exclusion of inferior classes of workers. The authors’ approach also verifies Mill’s observation that modern liberal democracy - operating consistently with the goals of exclusion - is insufficient to protect disfavored groups and individuals from the coercive power authorized by a majority or its hierarchs. Since Deakin and Wilkinson’s credulous claims are in harmony with more than a century of progressive policies, and since the normative and prudential case for raising or retaining the minimum wage remains weak, marginalized members of society have much to fear from their analysis.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 48
Keywords: African Americans, Amartya Sen, Calvin Coolidge, Chantal Delsol, Charles Darwin, Christopher Shannon, Enlightenment, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Herbert Spencer, historical record, international evidence, market, New Deal, Progressives, Thomas Sowell, unemployment, unions, women, Woodrow Wilson
JEL Classification: E24, J31, J41
Date posted: June 23, 2011 ; Last revised: March 20, 2012