Use of Time and Value of Unpaid Family Care Work: A Comparison between Italy and Poland

27 Pages Posted: 20 Jun 2011

See all articles by Francesca Francavilla

Francesca Francavilla

University of Florence

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Gabriela Grotkowska

University of Warsaw

Mieczyslaw W. Socha

Abstract

This study provides a comparison of the size and value of unpaid family care work in two European member States, Italy and Poland. Using the Italian and Polish time use surveys, both the opportunity cost and the market replacement approaches are employed to separately estimate the value of family childcare and care of the elderly. The results show that, overall, in Italy the number of people performing family care work is higher, also due to the larger population. Italians participate somewhat less than Poles in child care, but substantially more in care of the elderly because of demographic factors. However, the huge difference in the value of unpaid family care work, which in Italy exceeds the value of Poland by about eight times, is largely to be attributed to the discrepancy in hourly earnings, average earnings of Poles being about one fifth of those of Italians. In GDP terms, instead, the value of unpaid family care work is more similar, ranging between 3.7 and 4.4 per cent of the Polish GDP and 4.1 and 5 per cent of the Italian GDP, depending on the estimation approach. The national values of these activities are discussed and an interpretation of the country differentials in the family care-taking gender gaps is given in terms of differences in culture, economic development and institutions.

Keywords: unpaid work, time use, child care, care of the elderly, adult care, Poland, Italy, satellite accounts

JEL Classification: E01, E26, J13, J14, J16, J22

Suggested Citation

Francavilla, Francesca and Giannelli, Gianna Claudia and Grotkowska, Gabriela and Socha, Mieczyslaw, Use of Time and Value of Unpaid Family Care Work: A Comparison between Italy and Poland. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5771. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1867040

Francesca Francavilla (Contact Author)

University of Florence ( email )

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato ( email )

Via S. Caterina d'Alessandria 3
Firenze 50129
Italy
+39-055-4622926 (Phone)
+39-055-472102 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Gabriela Grotkowska

University of Warsaw

No contact information is available for Mieczyslaw Socha

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
28
Abstract Views
497
PlumX Metrics
!

Under construction: SSRN citations while be offline until July when we will launch a brand new and improved citations service, check here for more details.

For more information