Barriers to Exporting: What are They and Who Do They Matter to?

38 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2011

See all articles by Richard Kneller

Richard Kneller

University of Nottingham

Mauro Pisu

OECD; Leverhulme Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy; National Bank of Belgium

Date Written: June 2011

Abstract

The international trade literatures on gravity modelling and firm‐level export behaviour have established that nontariff barriers are important impediments to international trade flows. In this paper, we provide fresh evidence on the actual barriers to exports firms face and how they vary with firm‐level characteristics. Our results indicate that the higher the export experience of firms the lower are the trade costs they face. These barriers are not related to other firm‐level characteristics, such as productivity and size, found by the literature to be associated with export market entry. Overall, these results suggest the existence of a process of learning to export whereby firms learn how to cope with export barriers through direct experience in export markets.

Suggested Citation

Kneller, Richard and Pisu, Mauro, Barriers to Exporting: What are They and Who Do They Matter to? (June 2011). The World Economy, Vol. 34, Issue 6, pp. 893-930, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1869524 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2011.01357.x

Richard Kneller (Contact Author)

University of Nottingham ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Mauro Pisu

OECD ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

Leverhulme Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy ( email )

University of Nottingham
School of Economics
Nottingham, NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

National Bank of Belgium ( email )

Research Department
Boulevard de Berlaimont 14
Brussels, 1000
Belgium

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