Oil and Democracy

6 Pages Posted: 26 Jun 2011

See all articles by Anna Cesari

Anna Cesari

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: June 20, 2011


According to a wide literature, oil has a negative effect on the level of democracy because of induced economic and political distortions. At the same time, however, oil fosters economic development and people’s general life conditions. Using 30 years of international data on 34 oil countries, we show that the total effect is negative and significant and provide an estimate of the oil-democracy demultiplier. Moreover, we obtain an indicator of the surplus/deficit of democracy, highly correlated with the revolutions currently unfolding in the Mediterranean.

Suggested Citation

Cesari, Anna, Oil and Democracy (June 20, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1872827 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1872827

Anna Cesari (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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