Implications of Immigration Policies for the U.S. Farm Sector and Workforce

19 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2011

See all articles by Stephen Devadoss

Stephen Devadoss

University of Idaho - Department of Agricultural Economics

Jeff Luckstead

University of Arkansas

Date Written: July 2011

Abstract

We develop a theoretical model using migration and trade theory to examine the effects of domestic and border enforcement policies on unauthorized workers and the U.S. agricultural sector. The theoretical results show that heightened immigration policies increase the illegal farm wage rate, and reduce the employment of unauthorized farm workers and exports. The empirical analysis show that increased domestic enforcements curtail the number of undocumented farm workers by an average of 8,947 and commodity exports to Mexico by an average of $180 million. The tighter border control curbs illegal farm workers by 8,147 and reduces farm exports by $181 million.

JEL Classification: F160

Suggested Citation

Devadoss, Stephen and Luckstead, Jeff, Implications of Immigration Policies for the U.S. Farm Sector and Workforce (July 2011). Economic Inquiry, Vol. 49, Issue 3, pp. 857-875, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1874546 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00300.x

Stephen Devadoss (Contact Author)

University of Idaho - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

Box 442334
Moscow, ID 83844-2334
United States
208-885-6806 (Phone)
208-885-5759 (Fax)

Jeff Luckstead

University of Arkansas

Fayetteville, AR 72701
United States

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