The Effect of Education on Cognitive Ability

19 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2011  

Torberg Falch

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Sofia Sandgren Massih

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 2011

Abstract

This paper analyzes whether schooling increases intelligence measured by intelligence quotient (IQ). We use a longitudinal dataset where the individuals have conducted IQ tests both at ages 10 and 20. We estimate the effect of schooling on IQ at age 20 conditional on IQ at age 10 and other measures of early cognitive ability to account for selection into noncompulsory schooling. Ordinary least squares estimates indicate that 1 year of schooling increases IQ by 2.9-3.5 points (about 0.2 SD deviations), and instrumental variables estimates are similar.

Suggested Citation

Falch, Torberg and Sandgren Massih, Sofia, The Effect of Education on Cognitive Ability (July 2011). Economic Inquiry, Vol. 49, Issue 3, pp. 838-856, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1874548 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00312.x

Torberg Falch (Contact Author)

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) - Department of Economics ( email )

N-7491 Trondheim
Norway

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Sofia Sandgren Massih

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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