WTO-Doha Multilateral Trade Negotiations and Agriculture
International Trade Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 131, July 21, 2011
12 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2011 Last revised: 25 Mar 2015
Date Written: July 1, 2011
The Doha Development Round or Doha Development Agenda (DDA) is the current trade-negotiation round of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which launched in November 2001. With the start of this round, non-trade concerns (NTCs) were explicitly renowned and integrated into the negotiation process. Generally, multi-functionality proponents attempt to resist agricultural trade liberalization by giving high support to protect their domestic producers. These are net food importing countries, some small countries with highly protected agricultural sector and large trade deficits in some main outputs and unfavourable agro-climatic conditions. The opponents of the multi-functionality argument all claim to recognize the legitimacy of other countries' non-trade concerns. However, they insist that NTCs should be safeguarded by measures that are not trade distorting. Thus, they challenge countries with significant NTCs to devise green box measures for protecting them. This paper analyses the debate surrounding multi-functionality in the context of the WTO Millennium Round negotiations on agricultural trade liberalization. Six points of contention are discussed in detail. The paper also considers whether the concept of multi-functionality contributes to the framework for the negotiations. Also, the paper sheds light on the case of Sudan in regard with multi-functionality of agriculture and the case of Sudan.
Keywords: Trade Liberalization, Agriculture, WTO, Doha, Environmental factors, Externalities
JEL Classification: E1, E10, E19, N5, N50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation