Evaluating the Chile Solidario Program: Results Using the Chile Solidario Panel and the Administrative Databases

Estudios de Economía, Vol. 38, No. 1, p. 129, June 2011

40 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2011

Date Written: June 1, 2011

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a three-year evaluation performed on the first cohorts of Chile Solidario, the most important anti-poverty program in Chile. The paper presents a description of the program, emphasizing the mechanism by which people were admitted into the program. We then propose evaluation strategies and discuss their validity. The final evaluation is conducted using a Matching estimator, and we discuss the principles surrounding the potential for this to be a valid evaluation method. The initial results using the Chile Solidario Panel suggest that the program had positive effects on psychosocial welfare and on take-up of subsidies and social programs. However, it is not possible to obtain reliable results due to data shortcomings, particularly the lack of baseline data. In order to solve the problem, we generated a database using six years of administrative data, including around 1,000,000 family records per year. A method for overcoming the treatment substitution problem is discussed and implemented. Results are much more robust than those of the Chile Solidario Panel and show small, but clearly positive effects for several variables, especially the number of workers in the family, the percentage of workers in the family and the employment of the head of the family.

Keywords: Matching, Extreme poverty, Impact evaluation, Treatment substitution, Administrative data

JEL Classification: C14, I30, I38

Suggested Citation

Hoces de la Guardia, Fernando and Hojman, Andres and Larranaga, Osvaldo, Evaluating the Chile Solidario Program: Results Using the Chile Solidario Panel and the Administrative Databases (June 1, 2011). Estudios de Economía, Vol. 38, No. 1, p. 129, June 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1876589

Fernando Hoces de la Guardia (Contact Author)

University of Chile ( email )

Pío Nono Nº1, Providencia
Santiago, R. Metropolitana 7520421
Chile

Andres Hojman

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Osvaldo Larranaga

University of Chile ( email )

Pío Nono Nº1, Providencia
Santiago, R. Metropolitana 7520421
Chile

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