Biological and Social Phases of Big History: Similarities and Differences of Evolutionary Principles and Mechanisms

42 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2011

See all articles by Leonid Grinin

Leonid Grinin

National Research University Higher School of Economics; Eurasian Center for Big History & System Forecasting; Volgograd Center for Social Research

Andrey Korotayev

Russian State University for the Humanities

Alexander Markov

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: May 4, 2011

Abstract

Comparison of biological and social macro-evolution is a very important issue, but it has been studied insufficiently. Yet, analysis suggests new promising pos-sibilities to deepen our understanding of the course, trends, mechanisms and peculiarities of the biological and social phases of Big History. This article analyzes similarities and differences between two phases of Big History at various levels and in various aspects. It compares biological and social organ-isms, mechanisms of evolutionary selection, transitions to qualitatively new states, processes of key information transmission, and fixation of acquired characteristics. It also considers a number of pre-adaptations that contributed to the transformation of Big History's biological phase into its social phase and analyzes some lines of such a transformation.

Keywords: Big History, macroevolution, social, biological, aromorphosis, heredetary, Hallpike, organism, evolution, Darwin

Suggested Citation

Grinin, Leonid and Korotayev, Andrey and Markov, Alexander, Biological and Social Phases of Big History: Similarities and Differences of Evolutionary Principles and Mechanisms (May 4, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1878260 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1878260

Leonid Grinin (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Eurasian Center for Big History & System Forecasting ( email )

Rozhdestvenka 12
Moscow, 107031
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.sociostudies.org/ecbsf/

Volgograd Center for Social Research ( email )

Russia, 400079, Volgograd, Kirova street, 143
Volgograd, 400079
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.socionauki.ru/authors/grinin_l/

Andrey Korotayev

Russian State University for the Humanities

6
Miusskaya Square
Moscow, GSP-3, 125993
Russia

Alexander Markov

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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