How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement

36 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2011

See all articles by Matthew Ronfeldt

Matthew Ronfeldt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Hamilton Lankford

SUNY at Albany - College of Arts and Sciences

Susanna Loeb

Stanford University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

James Wyckoff

University of Virginia

Date Written: June 2011

Abstract

Researchers and policymakers often assume that teacher turnover harms student achievement, but recent evidence calls into question this assumption. Using a unique identification strategy that employs grade-level turnover and two classes of fixed-effects models, this study estimates the effects of teacher turnover on over 600,000 New York City 4th and 5th grade student observations over 5 years. The results indicate that students in grade-levels with higher turnover score lower in both ELA and math and that this effect is particularly strong in schools with more low-performing and black students. Moreover, the results suggest that there is a disruptive effect of turnover beyond changing the composition in teacher quality.

Suggested Citation

Ronfeldt, Matthew and Lankford, Hamilton and Loeb, Susanna and Wyckoff, James, How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement (June 2011). NBER Working Paper No. w17176, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1879038

Matthew Ronfeldt (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Hamilton Lankford

SUNY at Albany - College of Arts and Sciences ( email )

1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States

Susanna Loeb

Stanford University ( email )

School of Education 402P CERAS, 520 Galvez Mall
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
650-725-4262 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

James Wyckoff

University of Virginia ( email )

1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States

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