Predicting Premeditation: Future Behavior is Seen as More Intentional than Past Behavior

22 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2011

See all articles by Zachary C. Burns

Zachary C. Burns

University of San Francisco School of Management

Eugene M. Caruso

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business

Daniel M. Bartels

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business

Date Written: July 5, 2011

Abstract

People‟s intuitions about the underlying causes of past and future actions might not be the same. In three studies, we demonstrate that people judge the same behavior as more intentional when it will be performed in the future than when it has been performed in the past. We found this temporal asymmetry in perceptions of both the strength of an individual‟s intention and the overall prevalence of intentional behavior in a population. Because of its heightened intentionality, people thought the same transgression deserved more severe punishment when it would occur in the future than when it did occur in the past. The difference in judgments of both intentionality and punishment were partly explained by the stronger emotional reactions that were elicited in response to future actions than past actions. We consider the implications of this temporal asymmetry for legal decision making and theories of attribution more generally.

Suggested Citation

Burns, Zachary C. and Caruso, Eugene M. and Bartels, Daniel M., Predicting Premeditation: Future Behavior is Seen as More Intentional than Past Behavior (July 5, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1879558 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1879558

Zachary C. Burns (Contact Author)

University of San Francisco School of Management ( email )

CA
United States

Eugene M. Caruso

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )

5807 South Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Daniel M. Bartels

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

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