Are Stock-for-Stock Acquirers of Unlisted Targets Really Less Overvalued?
50 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2011 Last revised: 3 Dec 2012
Date Written: April 1, 2012
Extant studies often assume that targets’ private ownership mitigates acquirers’ incentives and opportunities to finance acquisitions with inflated stocks. This view stems from the observation that, although the average stock-for-stock acquirer’s merger announcement abnormal return is negative when the target is listed, it is positive when the target is unlisted. Accordingly, extant studies suggest that announcements of stock-for-stock acquisitions of unlisted targets generally convey favorable private information about the acquirers. However, an analysis of stock-for-stock acquirers’ long-term stock performance, abnormal accruals, net operating assets, and insider trading suggests the opposite. Not only are acquirers of unlisted targets generally overvalued, but they also tend to be even more overvalued than acquirers of listed targets.
Keywords: M&A, Acquirer performance, Overvaluation, Target listing status
JEL Classification: G14, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation