Multiple Glass Ceilings

26 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2011

See all articles by Giovanni Russo

Giovanni Russo

VU University Amsterdam; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Wolter H.J. Hassink

Utrecht University - Department of General Social Sciences; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Both vertical (between job levels) and horizontal (within job levels) mobility can be sources of wage growth. We find that the glass ceiling operates at both margins. The unexplained part of the wage gap grows across job levels (glass ceiling at the vertical margin) and across the deciles of the intra-job-level wage distribution (glass ceiling at the horizontal margin). This implies that women face many glass ceilings, one for each job level above the second, and that the glass ceiling is a pervasive phenomenon. In the Netherlands it affects about 88% of jobs, and 81% of Dutch women in employment work in job levels where a glass ceiling is present.

Keywords: glass ceiling, wage gap, gender

JEL Classification: J31, J24, J22

Suggested Citation

Russo, Giovanni and Hassink, Wolter H.J., Multiple Glass Ceilings. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5828, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1882847

Giovanni Russo (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081 HV
Netherlands

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Wolter H.J. Hassink

Utrecht University - Department of General Social Sciences ( email )

Algemene Sociale Wetenschappen
Postbus 80.140
3508 TC Utrecht
Netherlands
+31 30 2531115 (Phone)
+31 30 2533992 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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