Consistency Conflicts and Federalism Choice: Marine Spatial Planning Beyond the States' Territorial Seas
Columbia University - Sabin Center for Climate Change Law
July 12, 2011
Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 41, No. 7, p. 10602, 2011
Roger Williams Univ. Legal Studies Paper No. 107
Offshore areas are under pressure to industrialize for renewable energy. To plan for offshore wind development, Rhode Island engaged in a marine spatial planning process that resulted in the Ocean Special Area Management Plan, a regulatory invention of the Coastal Zone Management Act. Notably, the RI O-SAMP maps and plans for uses in federal waters beyond the three-mile line dividing state and federal jurisdiction, as well as within the state’s territorial sea, posing a challenge to the boundaries of offshore federalism. Conceiving of the question of how to balance federal, state, and local interests in siting offshore renewable energy facilities as one of “federalism choice,” there are sound theoretical and pragmatic rationales that weigh in favor of encouraging other states to adopt the O-SAMP model.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 14
Date posted: July 13, 2011 ; Last revised: September 25, 2015